Beneath Monday’s ruling, backed by 5 of 9 judges, girls won’t be prosecuted for searching for abortions as much as 24 weeks of gestation, after which the process will solely be allowed beneath the unique three situations.
“The observe of abortion will solely be punishable when it’s performed after the twenty fourth week of gestation and, in all instances, this time restrict won’t apply to the three situations specified by Ruling C-355 of 2006,” the courtroom stated in an announcement.
Congress and the nationwide authorities should urgently implement insurance policies to guard the rights of pregnant girls, the courtroom’s assertion added, together with household planning providers, eliminating obstacles to abortion care and assist with adoptions.
The Causa Justa coalition, which sued for decriminalisation in September 2020, estimates about 90 per cent of abortions within the nation happen clandestinely, placing girls’s lives in danger as they search harmful alternate options to seeing a health care provider.
“We did it!” the coalition, which is made up of greater than 90 feminist organisations, stated on its Twitter account.
Its supporters, many sporting inexperienced to symbolize the abortion rights motion and a few crying, celebrated exterior the courtroom.
“After the precise to suffrage, that is crucial historic achievement, for the life, autonomy and full and equal realisation of ladies,” Bogota mayor Claudia Lopez tweeted.
Change throughout the area
Mexico’s Supreme Court docket decriminalised abortion final 12 months, whereas Ecuador’s Nationwide Meeting final week accepted laws to permit entry to abortion in instances of rape.
Incoming Chilean President Gabriel Boric has vowed to make the process freely out there, as it’s in Argentina and Uruguay beneath sure closing dates.
Abortion rights advocates stated the choice was not the top of their battle for full legalisation.
“We hope that the following step for Colombia would be the complete decriminalisation of abortion, with the intention to shield girls’s reproductive autonomy always,” Nancy Northup, president of the New York Metropolis-based Heart for Reproductive Rights, stated in an announcement.
The coalition argued in its swimsuit that prosecutions of ladies and ladies who sought or obtained abortions have worsened stigma and scared medical doctors and sufferers, even in instances when one of many three authorized situations has utilized.
Some 350 girls have been convicted or sanctioned for abortions between the unique 2006 ruling and mid-2019, together with at the very least 80 ladies beneath the age of 18, in response to Causa Justa.
Decriminalisation will cut back deaths from clandestine procedures, save the under-funded well being system cash, finish costly prosecutions and assure girls’s bodily autonomy, the group stated.
A ruling had initially been anticipated late final 12 months, however the resolution has been repeatedly delayed amid a recusal request from a decide and different procedural debates.
Dozens of protesters against abortion have been additionally exterior the courtroom on Monday.
“We do not need both authorized or clandestine abortion,” stated Daniela Clavijo, who was protesting earlier than the ruling. “We’re asking the courtroom to completely penalise abortion, so there’s by no means any situation for abortion.”